It is one of the flowers that most of us know with its poppy, red and beautiful appearance, and it is scientifically called Papaver rhoeas. This flower, which is basically specific to the warm regions of Southern Europe, North Africa and Asia, is found everywhere in the world, where climate is appropriate.
Preferring dry, nutritious and mineral rich soils, the poppy likes to be close to train tracks and fields. It is used as an ornamental plant in many gardens and parks.
The poppy, which is an annual plant, has a paint of 30-80 cm and its flowering parts open from June to August. Although it is fragrant while it is fresh, it becomes odorless when dried. The fruit is in the form of an oval and hairless capsule 1-2 cm long and contains several dark red seeds.
All green parts of the plant are hairy and produce a white discharge if damaged.
Which Parts of the Plant Are Used?
In herbal medicine, the flowers and seeds of the plant are used. The leaves of the newly opened flowers are collected after the moisture evaporates in dry weather.
These leaves should then be dried in the shade as quickly as possible and at a temperature of 40 degrees if possible.
The dried leaves can then be stored in closed containers in a dry place. They are generally used in extracts, herbal teas and cough syrup.
The seeds are edible. They are dried and consumed either whole or in powder form. It is also possible to obtain oil from seeds and use it in cooking.
Common Therapeutic Uses and Benefits
Active Ingredients and Ingredients:
Alkaloids are found in the leaves of the flower.
In addition, there are flavonoids and polysaccharides.
The poppy alkaloids are similar to the shirley poppy, but they are not exactly the same. They have much weaker effects and are not considered addictive.
An Ancient Plant
The poppy was a well-known and popular plant in ancient Egyptian civilization and it is possible to see it in many reliefs. Along with barley, it can be seen in many Egyptian works.
Ancient Greeks and Romans also used ferret as a food, but in ages the herb extract began to function as a pain reliever.
Medical Uses of Ferret
The leaves of poppy have been used for their weak anesthetic, analgesic, relaxing and soothing properties for a very long time.
The components in the leaves are responsible for the softening, expectorant properties of the plant, which explains why it is used in herbal medicine to treat throat irritations, cough, bronchitis, asthma and tonsillitis.
This herb is often used in conjunction with marshmallow flower, licorice, beef tail and hibiscus and is evaluated for respiratory problems.
It is also used as a treatment against anxiety and stress, indigestion due to insomnia, insomnia and restlessness.
It is particularly beneficial for children, the elderly and those who cannot tolerate other medicines and those who do not benefit from them.
It is stated that the soothing effect of poppy can help a good and peaceful sleep. For this reason, it is used in herbal teas.
Use in the Kitchen
Poppy seeds can be consumed raw or cooked. They have a satisfying aroma and can be added to bread, cakes, added to soups and salads.
Seeds are a little small, but easy to collect in large pouches. Food is completely safe because they do not contain toxic alkaloids in the green parts of the plant.
By pressing the seeds, you can obtain a perfect oil that can be used in dishes and salads instead of olive oil.
The leaves of the flower are usually placed in herbal teas and blends for its red color. The red dye on the leaves can also be added to the wines and is also used in the pharmaceutical industry to color the pills.
Unfortunately, the color does not last for a long time, although it has been used for dyeing fabrics in the past.
As tea: Add 1-2 teaspoons of dry leaves to boiling water and boil for 10-15 minutes. The recommended dose is one cup three times a day.
As tincture: 2-4 ml three times a day
In all commercial mixes containing poppy, the manufacturer’s instructions should be followed.